May is National Arthritis Month: Part 2

May is National Arthritis Month: Part 2

Yesterday I posted part one of this series on National Arthritis Month.  Today I want to continue getting through the list of 100 types of arthritis and related diseases. So here we go on the journey to learn more about this painful illness.

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common type of arthritis in children where the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s tissues, causing inflammation in joints and potentially other areas of the body.

Symptoms

  • Joints that are warm to the touch
  • Swelling and tenderness at joints
  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Favoring one limb over another or limping
  • Pain (often worse following sleep or inactivity)
  • Stiffness, especially upon waking in the morning
  • Inability to bend or straighten joints completely
  • Decreased physical activity
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep problems
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Reduced appetite and/or weight loss

Causes

No known cause has been identified for most forms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

Treatment

The treatment plan may include:

  • medication
  • exercise
  • eye care
  • dental care
  • proper nutrition

In rare cases, surgery may be necessary at later stages to help with pain or joint function.

What is Still's Disease? for Parents

Still’s Disease in Juveniles – Click to watch.

 

Adult Still’s Disease

Adult Still’s disease is a rare type of inflammatory arthritis that is similar to rheumatoid arthritis. Inflammation may affect a few joints at first, but may advance to include more joints over time. Some people have just one episode of adult Still’s disease. In other people, the condition persists or recurs.

Symptoms

  • usually begin with a high fever that spikes once or twice a day
  • and a salmon-pink rash on the trunk, arms or legs.

Other symptoms include

  • sore throat
  • swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • high levels of Ferritin
  • high white blood cell count

A few weeks after these initial symptoms, joints and muscles begin aching. These aches last at least two weeks. The most commonly affected joints are the knee and wrist. The ankles, shoulders, elbows and finger joints may also be involved.

Treatment

Treatment involves medications, such as prednisone, that help control inflammation.

adult-stills-video

Bethany’s story of Adult Onset Still’s Disease – Click to Watch.

Bursitis

Bursitis (not autoimmune) is inflammation of a bursa, a small fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between a bone and muscle, skin or tendon. The type of bursitis depends on the location of the affected bursa.

This condition commonly affects the:

  • shoulder
  • elbow
  • hip
  • buttocks
  • knees
  • and calf

Causes

The most common causes of bursitis are:

  • repetitive motions
  • trauma (hitting your knee on a table)
  • infection
  • and pre-existing rheumatoid conditions.

Symptoms

Bursitis causes pain and tenderness around the affected bone or tendon. The bursae sacs may swell, often making movement difficult.

Treatment

The doctor will probably recommend home care with P-R-I-C-E-M:

  • protection
  • rest
  • ice
  • compression
  • elevation
  • and medications

If your bursitis is not infectious, the doctor may inject the bursa with a corticosteroid to reduce inflammation.

If your bursitis is infectious, the bursa will be drained with a needle. The doctor will prescribe antibiotics to be taken in pill form.

 

Source:

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s