Yesterday I posted part one of this series on National Arthritis Month. Today I want to continue getting through the list of 100 types of arthritis and related diseases. So here we go on the journey to learn more about this painful illness.
Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common type of arthritis in children where the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s tissues, causing inflammation in joints and potentially other areas of the body.
- Joints that are warm to the touch
- Swelling and tenderness at joints
- Favoring one limb over another or limping
- Pain (often worse following sleep or inactivity)
- Stiffness, especially upon waking in the morning
- Inability to bend or straighten joints completely
- Decreased physical activity
- Sleep problems
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Reduced appetite and/or weight loss
No known cause has been identified for most forms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
The treatment plan may include:
- eye care
- dental care
- proper nutrition
In rare cases, surgery may be necessary at later stages to help with pain or joint function.
Adult Still’s Disease
Adult Still’s disease is a rare type of inflammatory arthritis that is similar to rheumatoid arthritis. Inflammation may affect a few joints at first, but may advance to include more joints over time. Some people have just one episode of adult Still’s disease. In other people, the condition persists or recurs.
- usually begin with a high fever that spikes once or twice a day
- and a salmon-pink rash on the trunk, arms or legs.
Other symptoms include
- sore throat
- swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- high levels of Ferritin
- high white blood cell count
A few weeks after these initial symptoms, joints and muscles begin aching. These aches last at least two weeks. The most commonly affected joints are the knee and wrist. The ankles, shoulders, elbows and finger joints may also be involved.
Treatment involves medications, such as prednisone, that help control inflammation.
Bursitis (not autoimmune) is inflammation of a bursa, a small fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between a bone and muscle, skin or tendon. The type of bursitis depends on the location of the affected bursa.
This condition commonly affects the:
- and calf
The most common causes of bursitis are:
- repetitive motions
- trauma (hitting your knee on a table)
- and pre-existing rheumatoid conditions.
Bursitis causes pain and tenderness around the affected bone or tendon. The bursae sacs may swell, often making movement difficult.
The doctor will probably recommend home care with P-R-I-C-E-M:
- and medications
If your bursitis is not infectious, the doctor may inject the bursa with a corticosteroid to reduce inflammation.
If your bursitis is infectious, the bursa will be drained with a needle. The doctor will prescribe antibiotics to be taken in pill form.