What is a hernia?
Hernias are something that I am not familiar with, so I’m looking forward to learning about this condition. Now I know that this is not an autoimmune disorder, but this is a condition that happens to many people and it affects their health. So, why not learn about the hernia?
A hernia is a condition in which part of an organ is displaced and protrudes through the wall of the cavity containing it (often involving the intestine at a weak point in the abdominal wall).
There are 5 types of hernias. I have heard of the hiatal hernia, but I’m not sure what it is.
- Inguinal (inner groin) – with this hernia, the intestine or the bladder protrudes through the abdominal wall or into the inguinal canal in the groin.
- Incisional (resulting from an incision) – with this hernia, the intestine pushes through the abdominal wall at the site of previous abdominal surgery.
- Femoral (outer groin) – this hernia occurs when the intestine enters the canal carrying the femoral artery into the upper thigh.
- Umbilical (belly button) – with this hernia, part of the small intestine passes through the abdominal wall near the navel.
- Hiatal (upper stomach) – this hernia happens when the upper stomach squeezes through the hiatus, an opening in the diaphragm through which the esophagus passes.
Who is affected by these hernias?
Inguinal – most occur in men because of a natural weakness in this area.
Incisional – most common in elderly or overweight people who are inactive after abdominal surgery.
Femoral – most common in women, especially those who are pregnant or obese.
Umbilical – Common in newborns. Obese women or those who have had many children may experience this.
Hiatal – this hernia can occur more often in women, people who are overweight, and people older than 50.
What causes a hernia?
All hernias are caused by a combination of pressure and an opening or weakness of muscle or fascia.
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Persistent coughing or sneezing
These three things can weaken muscles and make hernias more likely:
- Poor nutrition
- and smoking
How is a hernia repaired?