Leukopenia is a new blood cell disorder for me. I had not heard of this until a new member in my Facebook group brought it to my attention. I thought I would check it out and see what this blood cell disorder is all about. I’m glad I did because I have Lupus and it is one of the conditions that can cause Leukopenia. This is something that I may have to be on the lookout for in the future.
What is Leukopenia?
Leukopenia is often associated with systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) and other autoimmune diseases.
If you have too few white blood cells, you have a condition known as leukopenia.
There are several different types of leukopenia, depending on which type of white blood cell your blood is low in:
- Basophils – Basophils are a type of white blood cell. Although they’re produced in the bone marrow, they’re found in many tissues throughout your body. They’re part of your immune system and play a role in its proper function. In addition to fighting parasitic infections, basophils play a role in: preventing blood clotting and mediating allergic reactions.
- Eosinophils – These help cells combat parasite infections. They play a role in allergic reactions, asthma, and fighting parasite pathogens. They develop in the bone marrow before moving into your blood.
- Lymphocytes – Part of your immune system and they attack pathogens, including bacteria and viruses.
- Monocytes – Like Lymphocytes these cells are part of your immune system. They fight infections, help remove damaged tissues, and destroy cancer cells.
- Neutrophils – This is the largest group of white blood cells in your body. They help fight infections.
Each type protects your body from different kinds of infections.
What are the causes of Leukopenia?
Here is a list of the many conditions and diseases that can cause leukopenia:
- Blood cell or bone marrow conditions
- Cancer and treatments for cancer
- Congenital problems
- Infectious diseases
- Autoimmune disorders – Lupus SLE and Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Viral infections
Your doctor will know how to treat this disorder by pinpointing which white blood cell is low and what’s causing it.